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Guide To Computer Security

Guide To Computer Security

Since you are reading this article, you are already connected to the Internet. You are most likely already thought about security on your computer or network. Every day seems to bring new threats on your computer and it can seem pretty daunting, but the key thing is to have a common sense approach and to take a few basic precautions and steps.

There are lots of great tools available now to help and you don’t have to break the bank to get them because is free. Here Below are some areas to take a look at:


Securing your information starts here from backing up your data. You will need some or all of the security tools listed below, but even then you cannot guarantee 100% that you will not have a problem. Hardware failure do happen in some case so backup your data. One easy way to keep your important files is to burn them onto CD , DVD USB flash drive.


An absolute must have antivirus Alright, you already knew that, but I cannot stress too strongly the importance of having good, up to date antivirus software program install in your computer. With new threats and Viruses arriving every day by day it’s important to maintain automatic update subscriptions and download virus definition updates as soon as they become available. There are many good antivirus software programs available, both free and for low cost. I did not recommend going for paid software you just never know when you are going to need to call a helpdesk and that’s usually the difference between the free stuff and the stuff you pay for. Norton, McAfee, AVG and many others all sell antivirus software that’s affordable on a low price.


A firewall is always recommended to help protect against unauthorized access to your personal computer. For a small number of personal computers a software firewall is more often the best and is the easiest to work with if you are not an IT expert. However, don’t discount hardware firewalls, especially if you have a network with a lot of devices on connected to it. Whatever you do, don not rely on the Network Address Translation or packet filter built in to person computer your ADSL or Cable router. It almost certainly will not be enough. If you are buying a particular company’s Antivirus software program it’s worth considering buying their integrated AV and firewall software package if they have one if they don’t then maybe you should try someone another company. It may well save you money and be easier to configure, maintain and time.


If you spend a lot of time browsing the internet and let’s face it, who does not?, then spyware is going to find its way onto your computer. A lot of it is not particularly nasty, but the really bad stuff can send personal and important information like passwords, bank details or credit card numbers to people you really don’t want to have access to your personal data. At the very least it can slow down your personal computer and since you did not ask for it in the first place then you should get rid of it.

Some signs that you can know you have a Spyware infection are:

1. You are getting pop up ads all the time you are on internet.

2. Your default homepage or other settings in your browser suddenly change especially if you cannot change them back to your own taste.

3. Your personal computer is slow there could be other reasons for this, but it’s worth checking for spyware software.

There are some good free antivirus software available from Lavasoft called AdAware. Microsoft also have their own free tool for all Windows users which is called Windows Defender. Among the does paid for Anti Spyware software Webroot’s Spy Sweeper regularly picks up awards from computer magazine and more.


More and more people are now accessing secure websites for shopping, banking, etc. offering you take sensible precautions it’s a great way to shop.

If you are been doing any online shopping you will be used to dealing with secure web sites. Whatever methods these web sites use to secure their servers or encrypt your traffic, if they are accessed by passwords then you share some of the responsibility for the security on your transactions. Below are a few tips on how to keep out unauthorised users from accessing your accounts passwords:

1. Be creative with your passwords. Don’t use easy to guess password that a lot of people know about you or can find out. Use a mixture of uppercase and lowercase characters, numbers and special characters again be creative. Just by using a 1 instead of the letter A is no use if it still spells out an easy to guess word.

2. Make sure to use different passwords for different accounts you create. If you always use the same one and it’s compromised then someone will have access to all your account.

3. Don’t write passwords down on paper or post it notes. That’s a hacker’s favorite way to find passwords if they have physical access to your office that will be essay for thrum to access your password.

4. Don’t allow Web browsers to remember your passwords on shared machines or in office areas. If you log into a machine that other users have access to then never use Windows or Web browser mechanisms that remember your password.

Having different passwords to many different accounts does make it more difficult to remember them and it’s important that this does not lead you into bad habits. So what can you do?

You could look at getting some password management program software. Obviously, Norton has a password manager, but other good options are Web Replay from Deskperience or PC Password Manager XP from CPLab.


You don’t have to go out and buy every piece of antivirus security software right away. Priorities one or two to start with I did suggest Antivirus and Firewall software to start with. Also download trial versions so you can be sure you are happy with them before you part with your hard earned cash. Be very careful on the Internet, but don’t let it spoil your day off.

Computer Security Threats and Solutions

When it comes to personal computer security, most of us live in a bubble of heavenly ignorance. We might be watchful and never open email attachments from people we don’t know, we might take care to make sure an ecommerce web site is secure before entering our credit card information, or we might even go so far as to install a standard firewall on our personal computers. Unfortunately, much of the common sense advice we follow when it comes to Internet computer security does little to combat the cyber crime that is rampant.

Federal Trade Commission

Even the U.S. Federal Trade Commission, a governmental agency that is creates to help consumers, had to issue a press release stating that consumers, including corporate and banking executive, appear to be targets of a bogus email allegedly sent by the Federal Trade Commission but actually sent by third parties hoping to install software on computers.

There is little doubt that spyware, malware, software and insidious virus attacks make any computer with Internet access more susceptible. But, because not all Internet security breaches are right away apparent, people are often unaware that their seemingly hassle free computing is anything but. The Federal Trade Commission offers seven guidelines to help consumer surf the internet safely:

* Protect your personal information. For example, when shopping on an ecommerce web site, make sure that the web page where you enter your personal information is secure, as designated by https before the URL. It’s very important to stop identity theft before it starts his work.

* Know before you click on a site. For example, many cyber criminals take off legitimate businesses, or send phishing email or link that asks you to click a hyperlink. Check out online merchants and never click on emailed hyperlinks unless you are certain of the source of the email.

* Update anti-virus, anti-spyware, and firewall software regularly. Hackers and others who engage in cyber crime seem to always plan ahead of the good guys. If your computer protection is out of date, you are defenseless.

* Use Web browser and OS operating system security features. Make sure your web browser settings give you optimal privacy and security, and ensure that you update your operating system regularly to take advantage of security patches and your personal information will be secure.

* Safe guard your passwords For example, create a unique password for each website you visit, and keep them in a secure place not writing them down. Use letter, number and symbol upper and lower alphabet combinations that can outsmart automated password detection programs.

* Always backup your data. If your computer does get infected a virus or a worm, your files may be goners. Make sure to regularly back up any important files and store them in a secure place in your flash drive.

* Prepare for emergencies. If incredible does go wrong, such as your personal computer being hacked or infected with virus, or if you accidentally reveal personal information, know what courses of action you should take to find solution to the situation and prevent further problems.

Computer Security Free Solution

Protecting your personal computer from all of the threats in cyber space can seem like fulltime job. Thankfully, there are companies who make it their own business to offer individuals and businesses owners the most technologically advanced computer security solutions available. The most of these services offer PC maintenance, full system optimization, problem diagnosis and repair and many more, installation assistance, and a full balance of efficiently managed computer security services. Typically, you pay a small monthly subscription fee and in turn can surf the internet knowing that your computer is locked down and that you will never again have to stay side by side of the latest computer security software or lug your computer down to a high priced repair center.


I am a blogger, Web developer with 3 year's experience and IT specialises

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